NYC – The Library Lions of the NYC Public Library – 109 years old,


Today, the New York Public Library lions, Patience and Fortitude, turn 109 years old! Newly restored last fall, the lions have long sat on pedestals in front of the New York Public Library’s “main branch” on 5th Avenue and 42nd Street. The New York Public Library calls the lions “symbols of New York City’s resilience and strength,” and the popularity of the lions amongst New Yorkers is a testament to their role in the city. The lions were named by the always-entertaining Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia in the 1930s when he believed New Yorkers needed something to uplift them during the Great Depression — and in particularly, that New Yorkers needed both patience and fortitude to get their the economic crisis. “That certainly resonates today,” writes the NYPL.


“For over 100 years, Patience and Fortitude have stood calmly at the center of a bustling city, proudly poised regardless of circumstance,” said Anthony W. Marx, president of The New York Public Library. “It doesn’t matter how scary and uncertain the world feels, the lions stand strong, somehow both protective and welcoming. That certainly resonates today. On their birthday, we hope the lions and all they stand for provide some calm, inspiration, and hope for the people of New York

The New York Public Library announces its favorite 125 books of its lifetime

However, these are not the only pair of lions guarding a NYC public library?

Actually, there are two more lions, a pair, of sleeping, cousins, in the Bronx,at the  NYC Riverdale Library. The lions, each weighing about 900 pounds are sprawled lazily on stone pedestals with  their eyelids closed  at the libraries entrance.

New York Public Library – Riverdale

Though smaller than the NYCPL lions, they began their public life at the Loews Regency Hotel on Park Avenue. At their present location in Riverdale, they have been named “River” and “Dale.”


Are these the only pair(s) of lions in the city?

Are you are familiar with two lions named Stephen and Stitt,?

These two lions  keep watch over the HSBC bank at Canal Street and Bowery.

HSBC Bank – Canal Street and Bowery

History: Lions have appeared on the English coat-of-arms ever since the arrival of William the Conqueror in 1066, and the Peking Lion holds a great significance in Chinese tradition. It isn’t surprising therefore, that two lion sculptures can be found guarding many of the HSBC offices around the world today. Note: The HSBC name is derived from the initials of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.

You are invited to add to this story.



NYC -The Bronx Zoo Revisited – Fall Season Trip


This is an edited version of a previous Blog. Soon, the leaves will be changing colors and this is a great place to enjoy a fall day. Full Blog Here

The massive institution is home to more than 5,000 adorable and/or ferocious creatures in myriad exhibits, including an outdoor baboon reserve, a sea lion pool and a space dedicated entirely to Madagascar. Ride the Wild Asia Monorail, which tours 38 acres of exhibits that house elephants, Indo-Chinese tigers, deer, antelope and Mongolian wild horses, or wander over to see two gargantuan Nile crocodiles. On inclement days, step into indoor attractions such as the World of Birds, the World of Reptiles or the Congo Gorilla Forest. And that’s just the tip of the iceberg.


The Bronx Zoo is truly an impressive place to visit. You will be pleased to see that Zoo is clean and well maintained and that the animals are well cared for.

I, and one-hundred twenty students, visited the park on a school field trip. Warning – even the most energetic of visitors will find a day at the Bronx Zoo exhausting — there are just so many exhibits to see and so much ground to cover. Spend some time on  The Bronx Zoo Website before going.

Our trip was focused on the sea lions and the southern part of the park.

This blog has a guest photographer my grandson Daniel  who, to my delight, photographed all of the following:


Some Facts

The Zoo is surprisingly easy to get to by express bus from Manhattan.

  • Bronx Zoo Buses/Subways: BxM11 express bus stops along Madison Avenue, between 26th and 99th Streets, then travels directly to the Zoo’s Bronx River entrance (Gate B); 2 or 5 subway to East Tremont Ave/West Farms Square
  • Bronx Zoo Directions: Bus, Subway, MetroNorth and Driving Directions

Bronx Zoo Admission:

  • $16 for Adults
  • $12 for Children 3-12
  • $14 for Seniors (65+)
  • Free for Children under 3
  • Free for Members
  • Pay-What-You-Wish Admission on Wednesdays
  • There are additional $3-5 charges for “Special Rides and Attractions,” though you can purchase a Total Experience ticket for $29.95 Adult/$19.95 Child/$24.95 Senior which includes unlimited access to these add-ons.
  • Special Rides & Attractions include: 4-D Theater, Bug Carousel, Butterfly Garden, Children’s Zoo, Congo Gorilla Forest, JungleWorld, Wild Asia Monorail, and the Zoo Shuttle.

Bronx Zoo Hours:

  • Summer Hours: (April 3 – November 1) 10 a.m. – 5 p.m., 5:30 p.m. on weekends and holidays
  • Winter Hours: (November 2 – April 2) 10 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
  • The zoo is closed on Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, New Year’s Day, and Martin Luther King Day.
  • Last admission sold 30 minutes before closing
  • Because of its size, the Bronx Zoo has several “main” entrances — if you’re meeting friends or family at the zoo, confirm ahead of time which entrance you’ll be using.